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How soon can sheep graze after fertilizing

Q&A: How long after fertilizing a pasture until it is safe to have cattle graze on that pasture? Dr. Jerry Volesky, Associate Professor of Agronomy, West Central Research & Extension Center A: Common dry pasture fertilizer usually has the nitrogen in the form of urea (46-0-0) or ammonium nitrate (34-0-0-) and phosphorus can be sprea One challenge with fertilizing pastures with manure is the presence of internal parasite eggs. This can be especially important for small ruminants such as sheep and goats. The eggs in the manure can hatch when spread on pastures and sheep and goats will ingest the parasite larva during grazing

Q&A: How long after fertilizing a pasture until it is safe

  1. Cows are not going to be out there licking fertilizer off the ground if you have any grass at all unless there are piles of it left in the field. So, safe to leave cows out there after granular application. On the other hand, after applying liquid N every leaf of grass out there is coated in nitrates
  2. I asked around locally about this and got answers ranging from fertilizer can't hurt livestock (from cattle folks) to keep stock off a fertilized pasture for 4-6 weeks (from club lamb folks). Seems like Robin posted a question a while back about low-level nitrogen poisoning, but I can't find it
  3. Sheep grazing pastures fertilized with poultry litter or pig manure may be at increased risk for copper toxicity. Pasture which contain 30 percent or more legumes usually do not require nitrogen fertilization. Broadleaf weeds can be controlled with herbicides and mowing. Controlled grazing and proper soil pH will also help to surpress weed growth
  4. e will be kept off after fertilizing as the field is going for..
  5. Veterinarians have received reports of cattle fertilizer poisoning this spring. With the number of cattle out in pasture and the poor condition of many fences, plus everyone rushing to try to get the crop planted in a very late planting season, these accidental poisonings can and do occur, says Charlie Stoltenow, North Dakota State University Extension Service veterinarian
  6. Doing it now (or soon) while the ground is frozen and can be driven over is probably the best time to do it. Would have thought that weather permitting by Feb it would be in the right place (ie in the ground) and shouldnt cause any harm

Fertilizing — Livestock Grazing Home Study Course — Penn

Adding fertilizer to a pasture or hayfield can help infuse nutrients back into the soil and bring about robust growth of highly nutritious hay or field grass for the livestock to eat if you do it right.. Making mistakes when fertilizing livestock areas can not only bring about a vastly disappointing hay or straw yield, but could also prove deadly for the animals themselves The best practice is to wait a few days and allow the plants to grow a little before grazing. N fertilizer can be a viable tool for pasture management if applied appropriately and at specific times. Bosworth and Williamson encourage producers to think of N as a short-term management tool for producing temporary increases in pasture growth Grazing new seedings with cattle - do a pull test, grab a handful of new growth and tear sideways like a cow would, if it shears off and there are no roots, it's established well enough to graze. If we no till establish and don't destroy soil structure, the new seeding is ready to graze sooner than when soil is worked

How long after fertilizing? CattleToda

Sheep grazing pastures fertilized with poultry litter or pig manure may be at increased risk for copper toxicity. Pasture which contain 30 percent or more legumes usually do not require nitrogen fertilization. Broadleaf weeds can be controlled with herbicides and mowing grazing between October 15 and November 15. Studies in Kansas indicate that grazing appears to have little effect on grain yields when fertility is ad-equate, grazing is not too heavy, and livestock are re-moved before the first hollow stem. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT Both stocker cattle and mature animals can effec-tively utilize wheat pasture

If 100 pounds of nitrogen per acre is applied, horses should be kept from grazing until after a rain. Other precautions in pasture fertilization are: 1. Do not spill fertilizer in horse areas. If you do, thoroughly clean it up and till if necessary. 2. Do liming in the absence of horses. Keep horses off limed pasture until after a rain The first grazing rotation should be 40 to 50 days and finish around 10 April. This can be extended to 20 April in later growing or poorer grass growing areas. AREA TO GRAZE fIRS Forage crops provide 54 percent of the feed consumed by livestock in the United States. Pastures furnish 36 percent, harvested forages contribute 18 percent and the balance of livestock feed is obtained from concentrate feed including grain and protein supplements. As expected, the importance of each kind of feed varies with the type of livestock Fertilizer application in early spring (i.e., April/ May) helps boost summer production, while application in early summer (i.e., mid‐June) helps boost fall production. For split applications, it is recommended to divide the total amount of fertilizer needed into two applications, applying half in spring and the remaining half in early summer

For starters, don't fertilize all your pasture right away. You're stimulating more spring growth than your cows can eat, so only fertilize half or three-quarters of your pasture now. Be sure, though, that the unfertilized area is fenced off from the rest of the pasture. Now, go ahead and have your cows graze pretty much like you normally do. It can be sown in late August to provide fall grazing, excellent winter cover, and spring grazing. Rye's rapid growth makes it the most productive small grain for pasture and it can be grazed as quickly as 4 to 6 weeks after planting Spray reseeds after grass is at 3 leaf stage or roughly 5-6 weeks and after the emergence of grass sward, he advises to carry out a light grazing of new sward with weanlings, sheep etc. - this will encourage grass seedlings to tiller out When three or four of them have a cover of around 1,000 kg DM/ha, it will be time to start the second rotation. If the last of the first rotation has not been grazed at that stage, they should consider closing up 10 to 20% of the grazing area for an early-May cut of silage. This will be high-quality baled silage Where the risk of contamination to grass occurs, use granulated lime as a short-term solution as soon as possible and plan a bulk ground limestone programme later in the season. Lime is essential to maximise the returns from fertiliser (shown in the table below). Raising soil pH from 5.5 to 6.5 will increase the efficiency of fertiliser by >25%

Fertilizing Stocked Pasture - Livestock Management - BC Board

2) How soon do you need it? If you need a burst of production over the next month, you probably want to fertilize (especially with nitrogen) as soon as you can. However, if your current forage production seems adequate, or only a bit low, you can probably delay fertilizing with nitrogen (N) for at least another month, or perhaps the entire season However, if a fertilizer truck dropped a big pile of urea (82%N) on the pasture and the horse consumed a large quantity of the fertilizer, a problem could persist. With proper spreading of fertilizer and under normal conditions, a horse grazing recently fertilized pasture will not even have loose manure as a result Graze to maintain pasture feed on offer between 1500 and 2500kg DM/ha. Do not allow pasture to exceed 3000kg DM/ha because clover content will decline. If you are grazing the paddock with dry sheep, strip grazing is a good way to ration the feed. If needed, a second application of N can be applied 5 weeks after the first After harvest the annuals come through the residue and provide some great fall and winter grazing. They're making use of the land at a time it usually is doing nothing, said Kallenbach. The young wheat or rye is very high quality feed, and stocker cattle can gain as much as 2 pounds per head per day without other feed supplement Quick Summary. Sheep are grazing the University of California, Davis, campus gateway on Old Davis Road this week in an academic experiment to see if sheep can eat weeds and grass, fertilize and control pests as well as or better than using conventional landscaping methods. The woolly ewes are part of a multidisciplinary study to explore the.

Managing pastures for sheep - Premier1Supplies Sheep Guid

Sheep like timothy and do tend to graze it short—too short. In addition, it doesn't grow much after the spring flush. However, in this area it is the cheapest grass seed that is available and timothy allows itself to be frost-seeded. It is an easy and cheap filler when your budget is tight Adult sheep and goats require 2-3 gallons of water per day. Water requirements increase in hot, humid weather and may decrease when grazing lush, spring pasture or snow-covered fields. Water can be supplied through water lines, water hauling tanks, or pumped from water reservoirs (creek, pond). Grazing Animal Healt

Nitrate poisoning can occur commonly in cattle raised in North Dakota and other areas of the western Great Plains. Poisoning is usually associated with animals ingesting forage or feed witha high nitrate content. Sheep and cattle are more susceptible to poisoning than nonruminant species because microbes in their digestive tract favor the conversion of nitrate to nitrite The fertilizer you're using is really high in nitrogen so make sure you water the area well after the application. There does not appear to be any systemic ingredients in your fertilizer so that's good. The encapsulated nitrogen simply means that the granules break down slowly, depending on rain and or, irrigation

How long to rest fields after nitrogen Horse and Hound Foru

  1. How little or how much lime can be applied at one time? The amount of lime needed depends on the type of crop being grown. If growing continuous wheat or bermudagrass, it is only necessary to raise the soil pH above 5.5. Therefore, one-half ton or 25 percent of the soil test deficiency amount required to raise the soil pH to 6.8 is recommended
  2. g depends on what you need. Lime anytime, P anytime, K and S spring in general terms. Don't spread in wet conditions or dew, the fert will stick to the plants and burn them. It is recommended to not graze until 25mm of rain has fallen since application
  3. Seems if you can't graze then you can't cut. Maybe someone will explain but that's what my containers say. Reply. B. Bama Well-known member. Joined Jan 25, 2005 Messages 1,855 Reaction score 0 Location NW Alabama. Aug 1, 2005 #4 Ain't no grazing restrictions except for dairy cattle with 2,4-d . Reply. flaboy Well-known member. Joined May 4, 200
  4. After 3 days, livestock will start to graze regrowth of plant material. It is usually recommended that livestock be rotated every 3 to 7 days to a new paddock. Intensive rotational grazing usually results in the highest forage output per acre (or hectare)

Fertilizer and Cattle Do Not Mix — Extension and Ag

With good soil moisture spring oats will be ready to graze about 6 to 8 weeks after emergence. When grazing oats, calves and yearlings can gain over two pounds per day. A downside to grazing oats is the potential for grass tetany. A producer should ask their veterinarian about feeding high-mag mineral while grazing oats Mowing before you fertilize removes excessive growth and debris, like fallen leaves, so the fertilizer can reach the soil more quickly. Lawn fertilizers are usually applied to dry grass, unless the fertilizer also contains an herbicide. Herbicide and fertilizer mixtures are applied after a light watering so the herbicide can stick to plant leaves Do not graze plants lower than 3-4 inches. Graze only when soil surface is firm and dry. Implement rotational or intensive grazing management practices for efficient use of pastures. After grazing, pastures should rest for a period of 24- 30 days. Weed Contro

Fertilizing Sheep field - The Accidental Smallholde

Stocking Rate for Cattle in Spring Pastures. So, this is a really broad section because every place, every pasture, every paddock and pasture is different. Yet, according to NRCS, there is a rule of thumb: 1.5 to 2 acres per cow/calf pair for 12 months. So, for example, 11 cows on 20 acres is 1.8 acres per cow Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu) Server at extension.org Port 44 Research shows 40 to 50 pounds of nitrogen per acre to fescue pastures applied after August 1 will offer the greatest benefit for late-summer and fall grazing and winter stockpiling. University of Nebraska grazing research shows you get 1 pound of calf weight gain for every pound of nitrogen fertilizer applied, as long as you don't exceed the.

Yet when it comes to grazing, we often only think of cattle (and to a lesser degree, bison and sheep). But after two decades of raising chickens on pasture, I can personally attest to the positive effect that a well-managed flock of chickens can have on soil fertility It is best to wait for three to four weeks after applying nitrogen fertiliser before grazing. High nitrate concentrations in the young shoots during the early stages of regrowth may result in nitrate poisoning and the sudden death of grazing animals. Nitrate concentrations fall as plant growth occurs, due to dilution and the conversion of. 7 - Don't Graze Too Soon or Too Hard. The last step seems fairly straight forward, but I have seen issues with grazing too soon, especially with horses that have top and bottom front teeth. This is pretty easy to test. Just reach down and pull on the grass plants. If you pull up the plant, or feel the roots give way it is too soon Repetitive early grazing can permanently decrease grassland yield and persistence. Grazing grasslands at the right time is especially important through dry summer periods when plants are under stress; grazing the first new growth after a period of drought and before a tiller has two and a half new leaves in place can kill grass

Eliminate nutrient-robbing weeds with Pasture Pro ®. Concentrated 2,4-D mixed-amine herbicide formulation. Use on pastures and lawns. Eliminates 125+ species of tough listed broadleaf weeds and brush. No waiting between treatment and grazing when used alone, once sprays have dried. One gallon treats 2 to 4 acres Avoid fertilizing right before a large storm event to prevent the fertilizer from washing away. The ideal time to fertilize is right before a gentle, soaking rain. Keep horses off the pasture until you can no longer see the fertilizer pellets. Spreading manure. Only spread manure on your pastures if you have more than 2 acres per horse A typical fertilizer equivalent of horse manure compost that has 60% solids is: 1.2 - 0.24 - 0.52 for N - P2O5 - K2O. or 2.0- 0.4 - 0.87 on a dry weight basis. (Because the fertilizer equivalent of compost can vary substantially, it is important to use values based on a chemical analysis to determine application rates. Poultry litter and manure can contain feathers, dead birds or parts of birds. The feeding to stock of dead birds or their parts and feathers is also illegal. Obvious bird tissue or feathers should be removed before spreading litter on pastures. This will also reduce the risk of botulism in grazed stock. Summar

Improving Pastures by Renovation - Sheep & Goat

  1. g. Wide swaths of lawns are used to landscape parks.
  2. Q.3 Will heavy rain wash away recently applied fertilizer? A. If there is heavy rain within 48 hours of a fertilizer application significant amounts of fertilizer can be lost in run-off water. If the rain occurs after 48 hours most of the fertilizer will be absorbed onto the soil and won't go into solution and the risk of loss is greatly reduced
  3. December 2020. Cross Grazing - Cattle and sheep are not selective grazers and therefore can prove beneficial in helping: To graze down weeds and rough grass that horses avoid. Level out the damage caused by horses' hooves. Control the amount of grass available during the spring and summer months. Break the worm cycle - sheep/cattle.
  4. number of weeds later. Animals, such as sheep and goats, graze some weed species, particularly if the weeds are kept short, making them more palatable. Harrowing (dragging) your pasture after grazing breaks up manure and evenly distrib-utes the nutrients in the manure. Breaking apart manure piles prevents grass from being smothered by manure
  5. ated to 1.5 tall. Make applications when bermudagrass is less than 4 tall following green-up in the spring or after cutting for hay
  6. Control grazing can be used to improve the pasture, extend the grazing season and enable the producer to provide a higher quality forage at a lower cost with fewer purchased inputs. Control grazing can also be useful in reducing internal parasite problems if meat goat producers are careful to move the goats to a new pasture before the forage.

How to Fertilize Pastures and Hay Fields • New Life On A

The no-nos of nitrogen application in pastures

It can cause your sheep to suffer from symptoms like bloating, dehydration, and diarrhea. In severe cases, acidosis can kill a sheep. 5. Mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are substances produced by molds. They can be harmful to many kinds of animals and infect sheep through contaminated bedding or food - particularly those that exist in a moist, warm. 4.5/5 (1,830 Views . 21 Votes) To ensure proper weed control and forage removal, Monsanto recommends grazing not resume for 3 to 5 days after spraying. Grazing is safe for the animals as soon as the herbicide has dried. However, proper translocation must occur before grazing is allowed to ensure proper weed control If there are weeds in your pasture and you absolutely don't want your horses to eat them, it's safest to take the horses off the pasture, use the herbicide to kill the weeds, and then go in and remove the dying weeds before the horses are given the opportunity to graze them. If you have just a few acres in pasture, this won't be a big job Pasture productivity can vary widely from that guideline. Lush improved pastures can provide grazing for 10-12 ewes with their lambs per acre. Stocking rates for aggressive rotation schemes, with substantial rests for the pastures after each grazing cycle, can reach 200 sheep per acre on improved pastures Test your soil to see if your pastures need any nutrients. You can take soil samples once the frost is out and the ground is dry. Contact your county Extension office or the University of Minnesota Soils Lab for a sample kit. The lab's phone number is 612-625-3101. Fertilize. Test your soils before fertilizing, so you know how much you need

The most appropriate times for making these applications are in the spring before grazing begins, or in the fall after grazing ends. In pastures with only grasses, nitrogen can be applied just after a grazing period in a rotational system, or in continuously grazed pastures to stimulate growth for the next 5 to 6 weeks The sheep station is old enough to boast studies based on 70 years of burning, grazing and sampling, and Taylor said the combined research shows that light sheep grazing actually improves sage. Grazing sheep have uncovered historic graves hidden for many decades by dense overgrowth in a Cork graveyard. The long-lost grave of a child who died in 1872 was recently uncovered by the sheep in St Matthew's graveyard in Crosshaven. That child's grand-nephew was tracked down by history buffs in the local volunteer group and he

When Can You Start Grazing A New Planting? - On Pastur

Use heavy stocking rates (4-6 head of cattle/acre) and rotational grazing to reduce the risk of animals selectively grazing leaves that can contain high levels of prussic acid. Never graze immature growth or short regrowth following a harvest or grazing (at any time of the year). Graze or greenchop sudangrass only after it is 15 to 18 inches tall applied in the form of manure and fertilizer; and would provide a valuable product for human society. A well-managed pasture can do all this. Managed grazing of pastures can provide nutritious grasses and legumes, or forage, rations for cattle, sheep, horses, goats, and other grazing animals For our region, the freeze date can range from late October to early December. This freeze will force bermudagrass into dormancy and grazing can begin anytime after this date. The quality of dry-standing bermudagrass remains extremely high well after it goes dormant. It is not uncommon to have bermudagrass with 11% protein well into January

Sheep 201: Pasture managemen

grazing crops - overstocking can result in more stalk material being consumed (the stalk contains the most nitrate in the plant). Avoid strip grazing for the same reason; • not grazing high-nitrate pastures or crops for 7 days after periods of rainfall, cloudy days, frosts, or high temperatures that cause wilting And then running the sheep over to smoosh in the goose fertilizer and crop down the grass short before waiting a good spell (10 to 14 days at least probably more like 20-24) before moving the lightweight geese over again - and if the geese weren't content and full at that point the sheep certainly wouldn't be Sheep are pleased to convert dropped fruit into quickly-composting organic fertilizer, tax-free. Overgrazing is always a consideration, but rotating sheep into apple orchards is a win-win method. And finally, don't hesitate to call if you have questions about grazing your sheep or goats. You can reach me at 785-294-0412 and I'm always happy to help out. Read More News. Improve Dairy Productivity by Implementing Fly Control Measures. Mar 10, 2021 Re: Sheep and roundup. once it's in the plant so 2-3 days should be on the label. sheep do all right on it as sugers lock up in the plant places in ozzie do it with low rates to make standing hay /spray topping. same deal with DD graze hardish to remove a lot of dead grass then green it up spray and graze hard. 12-03-12, 09:26 PM #5

If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. Hay generally removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay (depending on your soil type) They can only graze a certain chunk of pasture every couple of days. We move them with a portable electric fence system set up inside the permanent fence. 2. Coccidiosis. One common misconception that people have when it comes to raising sheep and chickens together is that it can't be done due to the potential for the transmission of coccidiosis

Can I graze my pasture after it is fertilized? - Horse

For a sustainable grazing system, one should have legumes in the pasture. Legumes have the capability of fixating nitrogen from the air and thus reduce or even eliminate the need for nitrogen fertilizer. To accomplish this, the pasture must contain at least 30 percent of legumes. I prefer 50 and up to 70 percen GrazonNext HL Herbicide is a post-emergent herbicide so it can be used any time the weeds are in an actively growing state. If the weeds are apparent now, then you can use the product now to try and eliminate them. The rate range for GrazonNext HL Herbicide is 1.2 to 1.5 pints (19 to 24 fluid oz) product per acre I have heard of cases where sheep have died as soon as one week after consuming cattle mineral. Although there are definite benefits to multi-species grazing, mineral feeding is a serious management consideration when grazing both sheep and cattle on the same pasture.To alleviate any problems with the copper uptake of the sheep, there are three.

Finally, I calculated out how many times I would have to move the sheep to allow the paddocks 30 days of rest between grazing. It's 10. To recap, modified MIRG for 4 sheep: 33 Cows (AUs) / Acre = 165 Sheep / Acre (Using 0.2 AU) 1,320 sq ft / cow = 264 sq ft / sheep. 3-4 day rotation = ~900 sq ft per animal However, grazing efficiency must be considered. Animals will waste or trample some feed. Typically, 60 percent to 90 percent grazing efficiency can be achieved. Grazing efficiency increases when livestock have a shorter time to feed. Ideally, livestock should be fed only what they can consume in one day, which limits wastage due to trampling ents. Weeds can also diminish the quality and palatability of the forage available for livestock grazing, and certain weed species are potentially poisonous to grazing animals. The aesthetic value of a pasture is also impacted by weeds. Therefore, it may be desirable to initiate weed managemen sheep = 5 per AU (6 per AU if goats are under the age of one year). Horses, sheep and goats can graze plant materials closer to the ground because of the nature of their mouths, tongues and/or teeth. Goats are mainly browsers, and although they do not tend to graze continuously, as cattle do, they can still overuse a pasture if not properly.

Pasture Management and Problems While Grazing Animal

The fertilizer recommendation for a legume-grass pasture with a yield of 4.1 to 5.0 tons of dry matter per acre is 60 pounds of P 2 O 5 and 240 pounds of K 2 O. Thus, due to nutrient recycling, each ton of dry matter removed per acre from a legume-grass pasture actually removes about 2 pounds of P 2 O 5 and 10 pounds of K 2 O Apply 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre after establishment. An additional 30 pounds of nitrogen per acre can be applied after grazing, if conditions allow. Nitrogen amounts can also be reduced if there is carryover from the failed wheat crop. Plan a grazing strategy to allow plants to recover Follow fertilizer recommendations to assure adequate phosphorus levels. Do not begin grazing until the plants are at least 18 inches in height. Prussic acid is present in appreciable amounts only in the rapidly growing part of the plant, which is a very small portion of a plant 18 inches or more in height Brassicas can provide grazing at any time during the summer or fall depending on seeding date. A promising use may be for late fall grazing. These crops maintain quality, if not heading, well into freezing temperatures and may be grazed into November. Turnips grow fast and can be grazed as early as 70 days after planting Poultry litter being spread on a mixed fescue pasture. In the soils of northwest Georgia, poultry litter at the recommended application rate (4 tons/ac) for bermudagrass hay maintained soil pH at 5.76 after five years compared to 5.42 in the unfertilized plots and 5.18 in the plots receiving ammonium nitrate fertilizer

A Flock Of Sheep Graze In A Field In Spring Stock Photo

Sheep can eat grass too fast, especially if there's a lot of them. If you're finding that the grass isn't enough, and they start munching on your fruit trees, consider reducing the number of sheep that graze and maybe even rotate plots. Generally, five sheep per acre is enough to graze an orchard, but it depends on the size of grass and. Use foresight when fertilizing fields. By Mark Landefeld -. March 9, 2006. 0. 36468. Applying fertilizers to hay and pasture fields to stimulate plant growth will generally increase yields. Sheep will eat woody vegetation but prefer grass and weeds on the ground. Sheep are like lawnmowers, while goats are more like Bush Hogs (for the uninitiated, that's the brand name for a machine designed to clear heavy brush). 2. Fencing. Staking livestock to a rope and expecting them to clear vegetation is ineffective and can result in. Limit grazing—Limiting the grazing period each day can stretch available grazing and reduce per-animal costs, particularly for brood cows. Research and farmers' experiences show you can winter a cow with a young calf satisfactorily with one filling or about 3 hours' grazing each day, along with a partial feeding of fair-quality hay or silage Final grazing should be done to remove any remaining dry matter bulk and allow weeds to germinate after rain. Aim for a residual groundcover of 1-2cm tall if grazing sheep and 3-4cm if grazing cattle. To encourage an even germination, consider dragging a set of harrows or heavy chain over your paddock

Guest Post: Top Unexpected Offerings at Montana StateSheep graze native shrubs on an ‘Enrich’ trial paddock at

Fertilizer should be applied as soon after cutting as practical. All of our common N fertilizer materials work well. If urea or UAN are used, applying these right before rain will help to minimize N volatilization loss. Manure is an excellent choice for these grass hayfields, especially with current high fertilizer prices Seeding and fertilizing appropriately can recondition a pasture so it will once again be a prime space for nurturing your animals. Best Times for Seeding and Fertilizing. Seeding and fertilizing pastures can be done at nearly any point in the year, depending on the plants grown and the overall condition of the field Sheep add fertilizer to the ground, which enriches the soil. Always aware of making the planet a cleaner place to live, this practice cuts down on emissions that a mower puts out. As this is an experimental approach to using sheep, the Coreys partnered with the USDA through the National Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Controlled grazing or mowing can sustain a productive chicory stand for up to seven years .Chicory can be seeded at a rate of 4 to 5 pounds of seed per acre with good seed bed preparation. We use higher seeding rates (12 to 15 pound of seed per acre) when broad casting seed without any seed bed preparation Urea poisoning on farm We tend to see urea as a common farm product, but often forget the downsides to this helpful little additive. One of the big negatives is that it can kill our cows quickly if we happen to get it wrong or for some reason get distracted when applying it Sunn hemp can be grazed by cattle, goats, and sheep. Start grazing when plants are one and a half to three feet tall, approximately 45 days after planting. The leaves are of high quality (see Table 1), but the stems are of much lower quality (8-10% crude protein, 75% neutral detergent fiber, 65% acid detergent fiber)