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Flat face syndrome

Most people with Char syndrome have a characteristic facial appearance that includes flattened cheek bones and a flat nasal bridge (the area of the nose between the eyes). The tip of the nose is also flat and broad. The eyes are wide-set with droopy eyelids (ptosis) and outside corners that point downward (down-slanting palpebral fissures) Untreated flat head syndrome can restrict the number of activities in which a person can safely participate. There is one indisputable practical outcome of leaving flat head syndrome untreated, which is the issue of being unable to wear many types of protective headwear Flat-faced dogs, formally known as brachycephalic dogs, have been bred intentionally over the years for a shortened skull and mini muzzle that yields the characteristic baby face we know and love in many popular dog breeds today Babies with flat head syndrome may be at heightened risk of developmental delays, a new study has found. The research highlights the need for early and prompt assessment and intervention. The study..

Char syndrome: MedlinePlus Genetic

Not everyone responds to emotional stimuli in the same way, but, in some, there may be no response at all. This lack of reaction is called flat affect and can be a symptom of a psychiatric disorder.. Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that may cause unusual facial features, short stature, heart defects, eye conditions and other health problems. COVID-19: Advice, updates and vaccine options The face may appear droopy and expressionless. Head may appear large with a prominent forehead and a low hairline on the back of the head Positional plagiocephaly, also called deformational plagiocephaly, is the most common type of flat head syndrome. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, it affects up to 50 percent.. Fryns syndrome is a condition that affects the development of many parts of the body. The features of this disorder vary widely among affected individuals and overlap with the signs and symptoms of several other disorders. These factors can make Fryns syndrome difficult to diagnose Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome A genetic condition of facial difference characterized by microstomia (small mouth), flat mid-face, webbing of the neck, contractures of the hands and fingers, and club feet. Also called whistling face syndrome. The condition can run in families or occur spontaneously

Flat Head Syndrome Side Effects Flat Head in Adult

  1. Desbuquois syndrome (DBQD) is a rare type of osteochondrodysplasia (a disorder of the development of bones and cartilage). Characteristics may vary in severity and can include short stature with short extremities, severe joint laxity with dislocation, osteopenia, kyphoscoliosis, distinctive facial characteristics and other abnormalities
  2. Flat head syndrome usually happens when a baby sleeps with the head turned to the same side during first months of life. This causes a flat spot, either on one side or the back of the head. Flat head syndrome is also called positional plagiocephaly (pu-ZI-shu-nul play-jee-oh-SEF-uh-lee). What Causes Flat Head Syndrome
  3. The facial features are said to resemble those of the Down syndrome with brachycephaly, a high forehead, and a flat midface with shallow orbits and malar hypoplasia. The ears are small, low-set, and posteriorly rotated. The nose is short and the nasal bridge is broad and flat. The mouth is small and the upper lip is thin
  4. Apert syndrome, also called acrocephalosyndactyly, is a genetic syndrome characterized by anomalies of the skull, face and limbs. Gene mutations are responsible for causing the early fusion of the skull, hand and feet bones. Individuals with Apert syndrome typically have the following conditions
  5. Stickler syndrome is a group of hereditary connective tissue disorders characterized by distinctive facial features, eye abnormalities, hearing loss, and joint problems.The symptoms of Stickler syndrome may vary but include near-sightedness (), retinal detachment, underdevelopment of the middle of the face, and the development of arthritis at a young age

What's Brachycephalic Syndrome? Understanding Flat-Faced

AR micrognathia, cleft palate, flat nasal bridge, mid-face hypoplasia, neonatal osseous dysplasia, lethal chondrodysplasia Basal cell nevus (Gorlin syndrome) 9q22.3 AD macrocephaly, broad facies, frontal and biparietal bossing, mild mandibular prognathism, odontogeni flat face: Any facial dysmorphia characterised by attenuated malar prominences and broadened facies Aetiology Achondroplasia, Apert syndrome, arteriohepatic dysplasia, camptomelic dysplasia, chondrodysplasia punctata (Conradi-Hünermann type), Down syndrome, Escobar syndrome, Kniest dysplasia, Larsen syndrome, lethal multiple patienterygium. The facial features of Stickler syndrome are less prominent but include a rather long flatface, and depressed nasal bridge

SCS presents in a variable fashion. The majority of individuals with SCS are moderately affected, with uneven facial features and a relatively flat face due to underdeveloped eye sockets, cheekbones, and lower jaw. In addition to the physical abnormalities, people with SCS also experience growth delays, which results in a relatively short stature Flat-Face Syndrome. There's a problem that has developed, over time, with some dog and cat breeds which we could loosely call 'Flat-Face Syndrome'. In more technical terms, this is 'Brachycephalic Syndrome' - my Latin teacher would have translated this, more or less, as 'short-headed'. You know the common breeds and have seen.

General Discussion. Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare genetic disorder that affects many organ systems. RSTS is characterized by growth delays, distinctive facial features, intellectual disability (with an average IQ of 36-51), abnormally broad and often angulated thumbs and great toes (halluces), and feeding difficulties (dysphagia) A flat affect can be a negative symptom of schizophrenia, meaning that your emotional expressions don't show. You may speak in a dull, flat voice and your face may not change. You also may have. hand-foot-flat face syndrome An AD condition characterized by a flattened physiognomy, flexion and extension deformities of the hands and feet, mental and growth retardatio Autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial features, skeletal abnormalities, and/or genital abnormalities. The range and severity of symptoms vary from person to person. Most children with Robinow syndrome experience growth delays after birth, resulting in slight to moderate short stature Specialists who have done research into Flat face-microstomia-ear anomaly syndrome. These specialists have recieved grants, written articles, run clinical trials, or taken part in organizations relating to Flat face-microstomia-ear anomaly syndrome, and are considered knowledgeable about the disease as a result

Himalayans have flat, or brachycephalic, faces. Photography © M Osama. The most significant concern is a condition called brachycephalic airway syndrome, a condition commonly found in flat-faced.. Neck:Some individuals with Down syndrome (like my daughter) have a thicker neck, or what appears to be an excess of skin on the neck.This is one of the markers for Down syndrome that can be detected in an ultrasound. Flat Profile: Individuals with Down syndrome tend to have a flatter profile. This is due in part to the small bridge of the nose, but also the forehead tends to be. The flat head syndrome is the most prevalent type of plagiocephaly, mostly because parents have been advised by medical specialists to ensure their babies sleep on their backs to avoid sudden infant syndrome. Infant's skull is usually malleable for up to eighteen months after birth, and spending long periods in one position can trigger a. Flat face-microstomia-ear anomaly syndrome. Also known as: Blepharophimosis-telecanthus-microstomia syndrome, Simosa craniofacial syndrome, Simosa-Penchaszadeh-Bustos syndrome In order to understand this brachycephalic syndrome (a syndrome being a group of signs and symptoms that collectively characterize a disease or abnormal condition), we must first consider the normal mechanism of breathing, and how the nbormal construction of flat-faced dogs' respiratory passages interferes with this mechanism

Don't think your flat-faced dog suffers from brachycephalic syndrome? You wouldn't be alone! According to this study from The Royal Veterinary College (my fantastic alma mater), a majority of owners (58%) of dogs affected by Brachycephalic Syndrome didn't recognize that their dogs were showing signs of the condition The Link Between Flat Head Syndrome and Visual Defects. As flat head syndrome in babies has continued to rise, so too has speculation regarding a possible link between flat head syndrome and visual defects. Head shape deformities are thought to be linked to an increased likelihood of developing conditions like strabismus (eye misalignment) and anisometropia (significantly different. The first sign of slapped cheek syndrome is usually feeling unwell for a few days. A red rash may appear on 1 or both cheeks. It may be less obvious on brown and black skin. Adults do not usually get the rash on their face. A few days later, a spotty rash may appear on the chest, arms and legs. The rash can be raised and itchy The median cleft face syndrome is usually associated with normal intelligence and life span. However, there is a high likelihood of mental retardation when either extracephalic anomalies or an extreme degree of hypertelorism is found. The severity of the cosmetic disturbance should not be underestimated, because this syndrome may be associated. A multiple congenital anomaly syndrome described in 5 patients to date. Characteristics include flat face, hypertelorism, flat occiput, upward slanting palpebral fissures, cleft palate, micrognathia, short neck, and severe congenital heart defects, which were lethal in 3 of the 5 patients

Flat head syndrome linked to motor, language and cognitive

Flat faced breeds are any dogs, cats or rabbits that have short, squashed noses (flat-faces). There's been a lot of focus on dog breeds like Pugs but these aren't the only pets that can have health problems because of the way they look. Flat-faced breeds include: French Bulldogs. Pugs FACEIn this article, we will study Marfan Syndrome Face features. Moreover, the major signs and symptoms of the face structure of Marfan syndrome suffering person. As we know from the previous article (Marfan Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment) that Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that directly affects the connective tissue inside our body Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects connective tissue — the fibers that support and anchor your organs and other structures in your body. Marfan syndrome most commonly affects the heart, eyes, blood vessels and skeleton. People with Marfan syndrome are usually tall and thin with unusually long arms, legs, fingers and toes Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) - also known as brachycephalic syndrome - is common in flat-faced dogs. The ability to breathe normally is commonly a struggle for dogs with this syndrome. Four-year-old bulldog Frank was treated by our Merton animal hospital for painful ulcers on his eyeballs, skin and ear infections, and a.

Flat affect: Symptoms, conditions, and treatmen

Marfan syndrome (also called Marfan's syndrome or Marfans syndrome) is a condition that affects the connective tissue. Connective tissue holds the body together and provides support to many structures throughout the body. In Marfan syndrome, the connective tissue isn't normal. As a result, many body systems are affected, including the heart. Boys with the syndrome may have large testes (macroorchidism), prognathism, hypotonia and autism, and a characteristic but variable face with large ears, long face, high-arched palate, and malocclusion. Additional abnormalities may include lordosis, heart defect, pectus excavatum, flat feet, shortening of the tubular bones of the hands, and. So basically my current face looks something exactly like this: View attachment 4255829 View attachment 4255830 As you can see, cheekbones are wide and there's an overall flat look to the face. I'm looking to achieve a slimmer, more streamlined look with forward projection and bone structure similar to the girl below: View attachment 4255832. We now know that sub-mucous and high-arched palates (but not cleft lip) are commonly associated with Stickler Syndrome. Other facial abnormalities can include micrognathia (one jaw shorter than the other) and a flat face with a small nose and little or no nasal bridge. Happily, appearance tends to improve with age Brachycephalic syndrome: it's a medical term for a variety of anatomical problems that sometimes obstruct the airways in pugs, bulldogs, and other pets (even cats!) with flat faces. Brachycephalic syndrome is seen in brachycephalic dogs, which are dogs that have been bred for incredibly short noses. (The word brachycephalic comes from.

Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome in Flat-Faced Dogs. Breast Cancer Happens in Companion Animals. Breed-Related Dermatoses in Dogs and Cats. Brucellosis from Raw Milk Consumption. Brucellosis in Dogs. Calcium Phosphorus Balance in Dogs and Cats. Cancer is a Cellular Delinquent Plagiocephaly, or flat head syndrome, is when a baby's head is flat on one side. It's linked to a baby sleeping exclusively on his back as well as spending a lot of time lying in a rocker, car seat or swing. As distressing as this can be to a new parent, a flat head is treatable and doesn't mean your baby is in pain or will have any. Apr 8, 2021 - Photos and graphics of flat head syndrome (plagiocephaly and brachycephaly). See more ideas about flat head syndrome, flat head, syndrome

Noonan syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Flat earth syndrome bears its ugly face predominately on the Belt Parkway. A person affected by flat earth syndrome will begin to slow his or her vehicle as he or she approaches an overpass. The deceleration of the vehicle to ridiculously low speeds continues til one reaches a point on the overpass (the highest point on the overpass) that. Dietary principles of abnormal foot syndrome with dislocation of flat face joint in children We should improve nutrition, eat more foods rich in protein, such as fish, eggs, bean products, etc., and increase calcium appropriately. Keep stool unobstructed, drink plenty of water, eat more vegetables and fruits, such as green vegetables, celery. Children Flat Face Joint Dislocation Foot Abnormal Syndrome Diet, Dietotherapy, Children Flat Face Joint Dislocation Foot Abnormal Syndrome Eat What Good Jul 29,2021 Nursing Care Of Children With Abnormal Foot Syndrome Caused By Dislocation Of Flat Face Joint-nursing Precautions-dietary Taboo

Understanding Flat Head Syndrome - Healthlin

Fryns syndrome: MedlinePlus Genetic

What are Craniofacial Differences? myFac

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most clinically recognizable form of FASD and is characterized by a pattern of minor facial anomalies, prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, and functional. Waardenburg syndrome refers to several rare genetic diseases that cause hearing loss, changes in the color of the eyes, skin, and hair, and changes in the shape of the face Absence of concavity or convexity of the face when viewed in profile. Synonyms: Flat facial shape, Flat face, Flat facies, Flat facial profile. Comment: A useful guide is to imagine that a line connecting the glabella to the anterior most part of the mandible touches the top of the philtrum where it meets the base of the columella Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a rare genetic (present at birth) condition in which certain sutures (joints) between skull bones grow together too early. This birth defect causes abnormal development in the head and face, which affect their shape. In most cases of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, the sutures that are closed are the coronal (from ear to. Down syndrome causes mild to moderate intellectual disabilities, developmental delays, and unusual facial and body features. People with Down syndrome commonly have flattened facial features.

Desbuquois syndrome Genetic and Rare Diseases

Dysostosis, cleidocranial

VCFS is also called the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. It also has other clinical names such as DiGeorge syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome (CTAF), autosomal dominant Opitz G/BBB syndrome or Cayler cardiofacial syndrome. As a result of this deletion, about 30 genes are generally absent from this chromosome. VCFS affects about 1 in 4,000. A genetic condition of facial difference characterized by microstomia (small mouth), flat mid-face, webbing of the neck, contractures of the hands and fingers, and club feet. Also called whistling face syndrome. The condition can run in families or occur spontaneously. (Charkins, 1996 This gives the appearance of a flat midface and eyes which protrude. In addition, children with Apert syndrome have syndactaly (webbing) of the hands and feet. Crouzon syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 25,000 births. It may be transmitted as an autosomal dominant genetic condition or appear as a fresh mutation (no affected parents) Knowing the signs of Marfan syndrome can save livesPeople are born with Marfan syndrome and related conditions, but they may not notice any features until later in life. However, features of Marfan syndrome and related disorders can appear at any age. Some people have many features at birth or as young children. Other people develop features, including aortic enlargement, as teens or even as. Flat neck syndrome, also known as a military neck, is a condition in which the normal lordosis of the cervical spine diminishes, or is even fully lost. But the loss of curve can go well beyond that. After the neck curve reaches straight, it may even move into the opposite direction, a condition aptly named reversed neck curve

Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly) - Johns

Cushing's syndrome occurs when the body is exposed for long periods to high levels of a hormone called cortisol. Symptoms and Causes of Moon Facies Moon facies may cause the face to gradually. Whatever it sounds like, by saying I'm not mad, you automatically position yourself as being called out, I think, and this is the last thing you want to be seen as. Take a deep breath and don't do it. Then say-. Option #2: I wasn't pissed, it's just my face. I have resting bitchface syndrome. The study found that children with autism have an unusually broad upper face, including wide-set eyes. They also have a shorter middle region of the face, including the cheeks and nose. Children. Flat head syndrome usually happens on one side of the head. But it can occur on both sides or in the back (sometimes called brachycephaly). The longer a part of the head is on a flat surface, the more likely it will flatten

A Guide to Understanding Flat-Faced Dog Breeds June 1, 2021, 12:53 PM Though many pet parents think their nubby noses are cute, brachycephalic dog breeds can suffer from a myriad of health problems Flat Head Syndrome develops because infants are born with very soft skulls Due to this the skull is more susceptible to forming flat spots from pressure. Flat Head Syndrome can happen if your infant is consistently placed in the same position for sleep and or are left for long periods of time in their car seat or swing In fact, many flat-faced breeds were bred to be companions for nobility. Unfortunately, there are downsides to having a pushed-in face. These breeds can be prone to brachycephalic syndrome, a condition that makes breathing more difficult. Telltale signs include snoring and heavy breathing Binder syndrome is a problem of part of the nose and upper jaw. Affected individuals have a very flat nose and an underdeveloped upper jaw. The characteristics of the syndrome are typically visible when looking at the profile of the face. The profile looks flat with a relatively protruding lower jaw

Flat head syndrome usually happens when a baby sleeps with the head turned to the same side during first months of life. This causes a flat spot, either on one side or the back of the head. Flat head syndrome is also called positional plagiocephaly (pu-ZI-shu-nul play-jee-oh-SEF-uh-lee) The still-face experiment works because it breaks the way parents and children naturally interact. Fortunately, most parents do actively engage with their children most of the time. That's especially true now, in these pandemic times, when parents fortunate enough to work from home are juggling screen time and kid time more than ever

Sotos syndrome is a genetic condition causing physical overgrowth during the first years of life. Children with Sotos syndrome are often taller, heavier, and have larger heads than their peers. Because of the distinctive head shape and size, Sotos syndrome is sometimes called cerebral gigantism flat-chested kitten syndrome treatment On the basis of experience and observation of various conditions we would like to post the treatment procedure of FCKS on the Internet in order to help the owners of these wonderful tiny creatures to overcome this trouble Williams syndrome is a rare genetic disorder resulting in prenatal and postnatal development problems, growth disorders, and characteristic facial features.; Characteristics, symptoms, and signs may include: Characteristic facial features such as a wide mouth, small and upturned nose, widely spaced teeth, flat mid-face, and one or both full lips, and wide spaced and/or misaligne

Typical CHARGE Face. Square face with broad prominent forehead, arched eyebrows, large eyes, occasional ptosis (droopy lids), prominent nasal bridge with square root, thick nostrils, prominent nasal columella (between the nostrils), flat midface, small mouth, occasional small chin, larger chin with age. Facial asymmetry even without facial palsy Lumbar Lordosis is the normal inward curvature in the lower spine. A lordosis means absence of lordosis - the normal curvature isn't present, and instead, the lower back is flat.. The pelvis is usually tipped backward (posterior tilt), associated with or causing the normal spinal curve to flatten. This is Flatback Syndrome

Plagiocephaly is a condition that causes a baby's head to have a flat spot (flat head syndrome) or be misshapen. The most common form is positional plagiocephaly. It occurs when a baby's head develops a flat spot due to pressure on that area. Babies are vulnerable because their skull is soft and. 2. Flat Profile. Looking at your baby from the side there will not be much curve from the nose, cheeks or mouth. There is also not much shape to the cheeks when looking at the baby from the front; the cheeks seem to hang on the face Flat Footed: 5 Problems Faced By People With Fallen Arches Many of us take the arches in our feet for granted, but your arches aren't without purpose. The arches in your foot exist because the tendons in your foot and lower leg pull together to make space at the bottom of your foot Symptoms you may notice if your baby has flat head syndrome include the baby's head is flatter on one side or the back of the head, there is less hair on that part of the head, or the baby's face or ears are not symmetrical Zortex Orthotics can diagnose and treat Flat Head Syndrome, and if needed help resolve a misshapen head, clinically known as either plagiocephaly or brachycephaly, depending on the shape. Plagiocephaly Helmets, Sydney based face-to-face help. Our custom printed helmets are used to treat babies generally between the ages of 4 - 12 months presenting with some form of asymmetrical head shape.

Brachycephaly In Dogs: What It Means To Be A

Sometimes shortened to BOAS, brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome is not a disease - it is a set of anatomical abnormalities which contribute to breathing problems in flat-faced breeds. There are four specific abnormalities that make up this condition: Stenotic nares. Elongated soft palate Just another My Journey Sites sit

Medical Pictures Info – Skin Wart

The adenoid facies has therefore come to include features of the long face syndrome along with the presence of allergic shiners [44]. The long face syndrome may also been seen in patients with certain types of myopathy and has been referred to as myopathic facies in this group [43]. Poor tone of the facial muscles cause the open mouth posture The main cause of Flat Head Syndrome is a baby's head repeatedly laying on the same spot on a hard mattress. The Mimos pillow provides 400% more surface pressure than a regular mattress, spreading out the pressure from one spot on the cranium to a much wider area How To Know If Your Baby Has Flat Head Baby Syndrome. Otherwise known as plagiocephaly, flat head syndrome is when your baby's head develops a flat spot on the back of the head as he grows. When this happens, other symptoms will be noticed along with it such as an enlarged forehead and features of the face can become asymmetrical

Cleidocranial dysplasia syndrome (CCD) with an unusual

flat face Hereditary Ocular Disease

Deformational plagiocephaly, aka positional plagiocephaly or flat head syndrome, is the single-sided flattening of the back of the skull due to your child always wanting to lie on the same side. Although the prevalence used to be 1 in 300 infants, it is now approaching up to 48% of healthy newborns. This rise in cases can partially be. He had a face typical of Hennekam syndrome, including flat nasal bridge, hypertelorism, small mouth and tooth anomalies, but did not have mental retardation or severe lymphedema. Yasunaga et al. (1993) suggested that the child had a mild form of Hennekam syndrome Physical characteristics - small stature, decreased muscle tone, irregular shaped ears, a flat face, eyes that slant upward, a deep crease across the palm of the hands, the ability to extend.

Apert Syndrome Children's Hospital of Philadelphi

April 16, 2015. Answer: Long Face Syndrome. It sounds like from your question that you would desire a more prominent malar (cheek) area. There are multiple treatments for this but it all depends on the focus of your problem and you desire to improve it. It could be caused from a skeletal abnormality where you have deficient bony growth in that. Brachycephalic airway syndrome occurs in dogs that have anatomic abnormalities causing a more flat-faced appearance. These changes in anatomy cause restrictions in the dog's upper airways (including stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, nasopharyngeal turbinates, and hypoplastic trachea), and can eventually lead to everted laryngeal saccules and laryngeal collapse

Craniosynostosis - wikidocCleidocranial dysplasia - wikidoc

Stickler syndrome Genetic and Rare Diseases Information

Binder syndrome is an uncommon though easily recognizable congenital condition characterized by a retruded mid-face with an extremely flat nose. The facial deficiencies lead to functional as well as psychological problems Flat back Syndrome is a condition in which an individual does not have the normal curve that the spine has but has a flat back. Because of this, the spine becomes unbalanced and the individual tends to lean forward when standing or walking. Know the causes, treatment and exercises to fix flat back syndrome Bartsocas-Papas syndrome: a congenital genetic disorder resulting in severe deformity of the face and extremities characterized by webbing of the lower extremities. Babies generally die in the womb, otherwise soon after birth. The disorder is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, requiring an abnormal gene from each parent for it to occur If this happens, it's called flat head syndrome. Plagiocephaly and brachycephaly describe the two main types of this condition (NHS, 2018a). Plagiocephaly. The baby's head is flattened on one side, so it looks asymmetrical. The ears may be misaligned when you look from above, and sometimes the forehead and face may bulge on the flat side

What are the signs? | The Marfan Foundation10 Proofs of Inbreeding’s Adverse Effects

The patient's mother and brother, both of whom had Stickler syndrome and the COL2A1 mutation, did not carry the EYA1 mutation. All 3 patients had myopia, vitreous anomaly, and flat face, characteristic of Stickler syndrome; the brothers had cleft palate In simple terms brachycephaly is a flattening of the face which many people find extremely appealing. Brachycephaly means 'short skull'. It refers to the length of the skull from the back of the head to the tip of the muzzle. The flat faced appearance of brachycephalic dogs and puppies is due to extreme shortening of some of the facial bones Plagiocephaly, or flat head syndrome as it's commonly known, is when a baby's head has a flat spot or is misshapen. The number of babies with the condition has soared in the past 15 years or so, because babies are put to sleep on their backs, which is the safest and only recommended sleeping position Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS) is a breed related disorder that significantly compromises the welfare of affected animals who are unable to breathe normally. Animals affected by brachycephaly (having a flat-face) include dog breeds such as the French Bulldog, Boston Terrier, Pug, Boston Terrier, Boxer, British Bulldog, and. The flat face is the result of a smaller upper jaw, in which the tissues inside are bigger than the jaw can allow. All of the airway issues that can result from this overcrowding are collectively referred to as brachycephalic airway syndrome Common features among the three we studied and the other six patients with 9q34.3 deletions in the literature include microcephaly, mental retardation (MR), hypotonic, and epileptic seizures. Their facial characteristics included flat face, arched eyebrows, synophrys, hypertelorism, short nose, anteverted nostrils, carp mouth, protruding tongue.