Space microbiology slideshare

The submental space lies between the anterior bellies of the digastric muscles and between the mylohyoid muscle and the skin. If the roots of the mandibular incisors are long enough to cause the infection to erode through apically to the attachment of the mentalis muscle, the infection may proceed under the inferior border of the mandible to the posterior aspect into the submental space 1. Microbiology Lecture 1 Dr. Saleh M Y OTH PhD Medical Molecular Biotechnology and Infectious Diseases 02/10/2010 IMS - MSU. 2. Microbiology is the science that deals with tiny organisms that can't be seen by naked eye. -micro=tiy , -bio=alive , - logy=science Introduction In general; we call this part of the science : Microbiology and the. Extends from skull base superiorly to the diaphragm inferiorly. Mediastinitis is concern with prevertebral space infections similarly to retropharyngeal space infections. 32. Objectives Understand the microbiology of odontogenic infections. Understand the signs symptoms and findings in patients with odontogenic infections The study of viruses is known as virology, a sub-speciality of microbiology 13. Virus particles consist of two or three parts: i) the genetic material made from either DNA or RNA, long molecules that carry genetic information; ii) a protein coat that protects these genes; and in some cases iii) an envelope of lipids that surrounds the protein. History of microbiology. 1. History of Microbiology By R.Parthasarathy. 2. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms / microbes which is visible only with a microscope. The diverse group of organisms includes algae, archae, bacteria, cyanobacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses. Most of the microorganisms are harmless. 99% are good

Space Environment. The majority of experiments on microorganisms in space were performed using Earth-orbiting robotic spacecraft, e.g., the Russian Foton satellites and the European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA) (121), or human-tended spacecraft, such as space shuttles (106, 107) and space stations, e.g., MIR and the International Space Station (ISS) () Microbiology of Endodontic Infection.Mechanisms of Microbial Pathogenicity and Virulence Factors Biofilm and Community-Based Microbial Pathogenesis Biofilm and Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising

Industrial microbiology • Medical and pharmaceutical microbiology • Rumen microbiology • Space microbiology 1.2 Definitions Milk and milk products occupy a more significant role in the human food profiles. The study of microorganisms that are associated with milk and milk products in all aspects is defined as Dairy Microbiology. 1.2. Space Microbiology (exobiology): It is the study of possible occurrence of microorganisms in the outer space and on planets (extra-terrestrial life), or the establishment of earth types of planets through space vehicle. It also includes the study of the potential use of microorganisms for food and energy and for maintenance of a suitable oxygen. Largest collection of free PowerPoint presentations & Lectures on Microbiology. [ July 22, 2021 ] Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Limited New Delhi recruiting Postgraduate Homoeopathy doctors Ayush Jobs [ July 22, 2021 ] International webinar on How to establish a Homoeopathic clinic in different countries Events in Homeopath Bacteria will accompany humans in our exploration of space, making it of importance to study their adaptation to the microgravity environment. To investigate potential phenotypic changes for bacteria grown in space, Escherichia coli was cultured onboard the International Space Station with matched controls on Earth. Samples were challenged with different concentrations of gentamicin sulfate to. odontogenic space infection with microbiology study. J Maxillo-fac Oral Surg 13(2):133-139. 12. William Storoe, Richard Haug (2001) The changing face of. odontogenic infections. J Oral.

The branches of microbiology can be classified into pure and applied sciences. Microbiology can be also classified based on taxonomy, in the cases of bacteriology, mycology, protozoology, and phycology. There is considerable overlap between the specific branches of microbiology with each other and with other disciplines, and certain aspects of these branches can extend beyond the traditional. The study of these microbes in air is called as Aero Microbiology. With respect to environmentalist Microbiology is the study of the composition and physiology of microbial communities in the environment i.e. the soil, water, air and sediments covering the planet. Can also include the microorganisms living on or in the animals and plants that.

Speaking of acronyms COSPAR stand for the Committee on Space Research which is a part of ICSU (International Council for Science). As far as I can tell, COSPAR helps promote space-related research, and does so by working with a bunch of different organizations (e.g. NASA, JPL, JAXA, ESA, etc.) Peritoneal Space The peritoneum is a large, moist, continuous sheet of serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal pelvic cavity and the outer coat of the organs contained within the cavity Small amount of fluid that maintains moistness of the surface of the peritoneum Contain 300 WBC/ml but the protein content and specifi Microbes in the house and office A survey of xerophilic Aspergillus from indoor environment, including descriptions of two new section Aspergillus species producing eurotium-like sexual states - Cobus M. Visagie - MycoKeys (OA) Xerophilic fungi grow at low water activity or low equilibrium relative humidity and are an important part of the indoor fungal MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. CU Dentistry 2019. MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 11. - Get Information about the competitive exams for M.Sc. ACF IS dedicated to conducting events in the space of public and performing arts

space infection - SlideShar

  1. The study of microbiology contributes greatly to the understanding of life through enhancements and intervention of microorganisms. There is an increase in demand for microbiologists globally. Genetics: Mainly involves engineered microbes to make hormones, vaccine, antibiotics and many other useful products for human being
  2. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)- Structure, Genome, Epidemiology, Replication, Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestations, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control. They are enveloped viruses of approximately 80 to 120 nm in diameter. It contains positive-strand RNA
  3. With these degrees, you will be able to perform independent research, teach undergraduate and graduate students and assume executive-level responsibilities. Research scientist. Senior member of a research laboratory. Write grant/project proposals, design and carry out experiments, analyze data and publish the results

Microbiology lec1 - SlideShar

R. Leuschner, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003 Systematics and Ecology of Bacillus Species. Aerobic endospore-forming bacteria are currently assigned to four genera in the family Bacillaceae. Within this family, the genus Bacillus was established to include the rod-shaped bacteria that grew in the presence of air, thus distinguishing them from the strictly. An important component for research to be accepted by other scientists is reproducibility. Good recordkeeping is imperative for ensuring that others can replicate one's experimental procedure. The work we are doing in lab is a real research project with a worldwide community of undergraduate researchers. To this end, it is important to keep. Bacteriology of orofacial space infections-A retrospective study Uppaluru Vijaya Lakshmi 1, Kotha Padma Rayalu 2, Kishore Moturi 2, Ramakrishna Yelamolu 2, Chanderraju Sai Prakash 3 1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Drs. Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institutes of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutapalli, Gannavaram (M), Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, India 2 Vishnu Dental College. Submasseteric space infections are rare at any age but particularly so in primary school children. The origin of the infection is usually odontogenic, from pericoronitis in a third molar. Submasseteric inflammation is a deep facial space inflammation, often progressing to mature abscess, and usually Spirochetes (spirochaetes) are Gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria of the phylum Spirochaetes. In nature, they may exist as free-living bacteria, symbionts, or as parasites capable of causing diseases in animals. As such, they are widely distributed in nature, exhibiting varying characteristics in shape and size etc

Fascial space & infections - SlideShar

  1. Workshop Purpose: To identify and prioritize research questions and science requirements for a sustainable, sponsored research program onboard the International Space Station U.S. National Lab focused on the microbiome and the immunome in space and their effect on human health on Earth
  2. There are three types of fermentation processes and they are. Dual or multiple fermentation. Batch fermentation is carried out in batches. Here, fermentation media is filled up to 80% space by fermentor, and the remaining space is used as head space. Head space plays an important role as some area of a fermentor is required for collection of.
  3. Nutrition of microbes: General nutritional requirements of bacteria, viruses, fungi etc.. With relevant advertising you want me to write about any posts that you see. Company general microbiology ppt slideshare Pvt. space by fermentor, and professionals to prepare a stunning presentation Microbiology and Immunology, Academy..
  4. This presentation is a support for the conduct of a Country COVID-19 Intra-Action Review (IAR). It needs to be adapted to the specific context of the country
  5. By David Coil Posted in .Featured Space Posted on July 1, 2020 Just a quick post here that our paper just came out, Draft Genome Sequences of Bacillus glennii V44-8, Bacillus saganii V47-23a, Bacillus sp. Strain V59.32b, Bacillus sp. Strain MER_TA_151, and Paenibacillus sp. Strain MER_111, Isolated from Cleanrooms Where the Viking and Mars.
  6. Fill in dead space if wound is deep Protect skin from incontinence by using barrier cream Protect periwound tissue by using Skin Prep DO NOT: DO NOT use wet-to-dry dressings! DO NOT pull dressing off a wound DO NOT wrap tape completely around an extremity! • Tourniquet effect • Can cause further tissue damage • Soak to remov
  7. Microbial biotechnology is sometimes also referred to as industrial microbiology which is an old field that has been given new dimensions because of the discoveries made in the field of genetic engineering in vitro manipulation of DNA molecules to generate new combinations of genes or sequences, to place the gene under the control of different.

What is Bacteria? A bacterium is a single-celled (unicellular) microorganism that does not have a nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelles.Bacteria are sometimes called 'prokaryotes.'In. Microbiology is the study of small living things that are too small to be visible with the naked eye. These living things can be seen with the use of a microscope only. These life forms are called microorganisms or microbes. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, protozoa, microscopic fungi and yeasts, and microscopic algae Virus: Structure Types and Function Structure of virus. Virion Structure is defined by capsid symmetry and presence or absence of an envelope. A complete virus particle is called a virion.Virion morphology has been intensely studied because of the importance of viruses and the realization that virion structure is simple enough to be understood in detail

Micro organisms - SlideShar

History of microbiology - SlideShar

Food Microbiology Current Topics of Investigation. Evaluating the use of process water as a marker to determine the contamination status of fresh-cut leafy greens contaminated with E. coli O157:H7. Assessing the effects of initial level of contamination, temperature, time, indigenous microflora, sanitizing rinses and package atmosphere on the. This rapidly limits the further replication of the virus in all tissues except the GI tract because the virus must pass through extracellular space to infect another cell. In the GI tract replication may be sustained for several weeks even though a high titer of neutralizing antibody is achieved Workshop Purpose: To identify and prioritize research questions and science requirements for a sustainable, sponsored research program onboard the International Space Station U.S. National Lab focused on the microbiome and the immunome in space and their effect on human health on Earth

The skin is an ecosystem composed of 1.8 m 2 of diverse habitats with an abundance of folds, invaginations and specialized niches that support a wide range of microorganisms. The primary role of the skin is to serve as a physical barrier, protecting our bodies from potential assault by foreign organisms or toxic substances September 3, 2017 Gaurab Karki Bacteriology, Microbiology 0 Difference between batch, fed- batch and continuous culture technique Difference between batch, fed-batch and continuous culture techniqu

Space microbiology

The anatomy, microbiology, clinical manifestations, imaging, and treatment of submandibular space infections (Ludwig's angina) will be reviewed here. Other deep neck space infections are discussed separately. (See Deep neck space infections in adults.) DEFINITIO MCQs for Oral Microbiology (2015).pd The submandibular space was the most frequently involved fascial space both in single fascial space infections and multiple fascial space infections. Mixed growth (aerobic and anaerobic) was seen in culture smears of 60 patients, only aerobic bacterial growth was seen in 25 patients and anaerobic bacterial growth was seen in culture smears of.

Space Microbiology - PubMed Central (PMC

Adenovirus: Structure and genome, Replication, Pathogenesis, Infection, laboratory diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment I. Structure. Adenoviruses are the group of medium sized, non enveloped ds DNA virus that share common complement fixing antigen Journal Club: Metagenomics on the Space Station By David Coil Posted in .Featured Scholarly Literature (Journals, Books, Reports) Space Posted on August 7, 2017 August 9, 201

Pleural fluid analysis (an examination of the fluid removed from the pleura space) When the pleural effusion has remained undiagnosed despite previous, less-invasive tests, thoracoscopy may be performed. Thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive technique, also known as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, or VATS, performed under general. Microbiology Insights is an open access, peer reviewed international journal that focuses on all aspects of microbiology, including prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms as well as viruses. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). More

Read more. Food Microbiology publishes original research articles, short research communications, and review papers dealing with all aspects of the microbiology of foods. The editors aim to publish manuscripts of the highest quality which are both relevant and applicable to the broad field covered by the journal This review provides a summary of recent developments in endodontic microbiology, virulence factors, and host defense systems as they relate to the pathogenesis of pulpal and periapical. Viruses are small obligate intracellular parasites, which by definition contain either a RNA or DNA genome surrounded by a protective, virus-coded protein coat. Viruses may be viewed as mobile genetic elements, most probably of cellular origin and characterized by a long co-evolution of virus and host. For propagation viruses depend on specialized host cells supplying the complex metabolic and. The nomenclature for tetracycline resistance determinants is based on the proposal of Levy et al. (Antimicrob Agents Chemother 43:1523-1524, 1999). The style for such determinants is, e.g., Tet B; the space helps distinguish the determinant designation from that for phenotypes and proteins (TetB) Fungi are ubiquitous in nature and exist as free-living saprobes that derive no obvious benefits from parasitizing humans or animals. Since they are widespread in nature and are often cultured from diseased body surfaces, it may be difficult to assess whether a fungus found during disease is a pathogen or a transient environmental contaminant. Before a specific fungus can be confirmed as the.

Microbiology of endodontic disease - SlideShar

A major thrust of terrestrial microbial ecology is focused on understanding when and how the composition of the microbial community affects the functioning of biogeochemical processes at the ecosystem scale (meters-to-kilometers and days-to-years). While research has demonstrated these linkages for physiologically and phylogenetically narrow processes such as trace gas emissions and. J.R. Buchanan, in Comprehensive Water Quality and Purification, 2014 Trickling filters. Trickling filters are similar to the RMFs; however, trickling filters have far greater void space and porosity within the media, which allows for a higher hydraulic loading. The higher loading rate and an increased void volume promote a heavier biological growth on the media

Carl Woese's Classification is also known as the Three-domain system.; This three kingdom classification system was first proposed by an American microbiologist and biophysicist Carl Richard Woese in 1990.; This classification system divides the life forms into three domains and six kingdoms, that is why it also called the Six Kingdoms and Three Domains Classification This book is an excellent resource for nursing students. It clearly explains microbiology and infection prevention and control in an informative manner which is easy to follow. The activities and multiple choice questions throughout the book really encourage critical thinking and the application of theory to practice Open Postdoc Position in Finland. The Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) and the University of Eastern Finland (UEF) are seeking highly motivated applicants for postdoctoral position in epidemiological analyses of microbial exposures and respiratory health. The position will focus in characterizing early-life indoor microbial. The parotid space is crossed by the external carotid artery, the posterior facial vein, and the facial nerve. Infections in the parotid space often occur in dehydrated, debilitated patients with poor oral hygiene who develop salivary duct obstruction. Pain, edema, and erythema in the region of the parotid are typically observed with fever D.W. Pimbley, in Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, 1999 Principle. The VIDAS ECO test is an enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA) performed in the automated VIDAS instrument. A pipette tip-like disposable device coated with anti-E. coli O157 antibodies, the solid phase receptacle (SPR), serves as the solid phase as well as the pipette for the assay

Of possible interest: Special Issue on emerging aquatic

I Love Microbiology. 681 likes · 1 talking about this. Communit MCQs: Bacterial Cell Structure Part I: Answers. 1) Ribosomes are found in viruses? False. 2) The main consituent of a Gram positive cell wall is Peptidoglycan? True. 3) Bacterial cells have a large surface to volume ratio? True. 4) The cell wall may be a potential target for antibiotics? True The shell domain (S) is colored yellow and extends from amino acid 50-225. The P1 subdomains are colored red and comprise amino acids 226-278 and residues 406-520. The P2 domain (blue) is an insertion in the P2 domain and consists of amino acids 279-405. The hypervariable region of VP1 is found in the P2 domain David Coil. David Coil is a Project Scientist in the lab of Jonathan Eisen at UC Davis. David works at the intersection between research, education, and outreach in the areas of the microbiology of the built environment, microbial ecology, and bacterial genomics

Notes on Microbiology Biolog

All students working in the microbiology laboratory are responsible for maintaining equipment and materials in proper working condition. Please read over and follow the instructions listed below: Microscopes . The most critical (and most expensive) piece of equipment in the microbiology laboratory is the microscope. I There already exist a number of excellent general textbooks on microbiology and biotechnology that deal with the basic principles of microbial biotechnology. To complement them, this book focuses on the various applications of microbial-biotechnological principles. A teaching-based format is adopted, whereby working problems, as well as answers.

Microbiology Powerpoint presentations & Lectures

Phenotypic Changes Exhibited by E

Microbiology is the study of small living things that are too small to be visible with the naked eye. These living things can be seen with the use of a microscope only. These life forms are called microorganisms or microbes. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, protozoa, microscopic fungi and yeasts, and microscopic algae Quality control in microbiology uses documentation to record what happens throughout a process. Central to these responsibilities is the accurate identification of the microbe involved. Microbiology tests are easily contaminated with other, irrelevant microbes, which make the entire test inaccurate and all future actions useless Microbial Protease enzyme: Proteases are the second most important industrial enzymes after amylase. About 500 tons of the enzymes are produced per year. This can be produced commercially from bacteria and fungi. The proteases on the market include-alkaline, neutral and acidic proteases. i

Bioenergentics & Metabolism

Using a light combination of the principles of project management and systems engineering, the following tips are provided to influence and inspire the facilitation of a task where the goal is to improve efficiency. 01. Tune Your Process. The best way to increase efficiency is to reduce the time it takes to complete a process Gram Negative. 1. Gram Reaction. Retain crystal violet dye and stain blue or purple. Can be decolorized to accept counterstain (safranin) and stain pink or red. 2. Cell Wall. Cell Wall is 20-30 nm thick. Cell Wall is 8-12 nm thick

Development of occlusion

In clinical microbiology, phenotypic typing schemes (particularly Gram staining) are some of the most common and effective techniques for bacteria identification. Discovered in 1884, Gram stain technique has proven to be one of the most useful phenotypic classification systems through which bacteria can be identified based on their staining. Jul 31, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Roger higgins. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinteres A Fermentor can be defined as a vessel in which sterile nutrient media and pure culture of micro-organism are mixed and fermentation process is carried out under aseptic and optimum condition. Fermentor provides a sterile environment and optimum condition that are important for growth of micro-organisms and synthesis of desired product Microbiology: An Evolving Science provides clear, accessible explanations, smart pedagogy, and stunning art with a contemporary framework that emphasizes the field's cutting-edge research. With the Fourth Edition, the book's value as

Objectives • Facilities and Equipment CGMP Highlights • Aseptic Manufacturing Facility • Equipment Qualification • Cleaning Validation . Quality Production Laboratory Materials Facilities. Electron Transport Chain Definition. The electron transport chain is a cluster of proteins that transfer electrons through a membrane within mitochondria to form a gradient of protons that drives the creation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is used by the cell as the energy for metabolic processes for cellular functions Spectrophotometer - Principle, Types, Uses and Applications. The measurement of how light interacts with materials is studied through spectrophotometry. It is done with the use of a spectrophotometer, a device that measures the intensity of light as a beam of light passes through a sample solution. Light is a versatile element Quality assurance and quality control are two aspects of quality management. While some quality assurance and quality control activities are interrelated, the two are defined differently. Typically, QA activities and responsibilities cover virtually all of the quality system in one fashion or another, while QC is a subset of the QA activities

A unified space-time theory of epidemics, in which a three-dimensional space-time pixel replaces a two-dimensional one as the basic recording unit, is still some way off 38, but GIS and RS. Because of the large size of amylose and amylopectin molecules, these organisms can not pass through the bacterial cell wall. In order to use these starches as a carbon source, bacteria must secrete a-amylase and oligo-1,6-glucosidase into the extracellular space. These enzymes break the starch molecules into smaller glucose subunits which can.

(PDF) Epidemiology, Microbiology and Antibiotic

Figure 6.3. 3: (a) The cells within chicken eggs are used to culture different types of viruses. (b) Viruses can be replicated in various locations within the egg, including the chorioallantoic membrane, the amniotic cavity, and the yolk sac. (credit a: modification of work by Chung Hoang/YouTube) For in vitro studies, various types of. Current Good Manufacturing Practices for Pharmaceutical Products (GMP) As per WHO Good manufacturing practice is that part of quality assurance which ensures that product is consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards appropriate to their intended use and as required by the marketing authorization. GMP is aimed primarily at diminishing the risks inherent in cGMP Read More A microbiology laboratory can become inundated with old cultures unless a well organized system for disposal of is in place. Even a few people can produce so much contaminated material, that if teams don't take care of their own materials someone will spend at least a week just cleaning up the place Welcome To GM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research, Davangere. Dept. of Library and Information Center D.Pharma Syllabus... D Pharmacy 1st Year Question Papers. D Pharm 1 Year Question Paper 2018 / 2016 / 2014 Pharmacognosy 1st Year D Pharm Click Here Pharmaceutical Chemistry-I 1st Year... B Pharmacy 1st semester Question Papers

Branches of microbiology - Wikipedi

The Anaerojar is lightweight and robust with excellent space saving features; there are no external clamps or protruding valves and the carrying handle tucks away into the lid of the jar itself. Anaerogen is a kit for use with the Anaerojar. It produces an anaerobic atmosphere rapidly without the use of water or catalyst. No hydrogen is produced Products. We provide a wide variety of products. Please select one of the Categories below to learn more. Analytical Chemistry. Cell Culture & Analysis. Chemistry & Biochemicals. Clinical & Diagnostics Laboratory Security and Emergency Response Guidance for Laboratories Working with Select Agents. Prepared by. Jonathan Y. Richmond, Ph.D. 1. Shanna L. Nesby-O'Dell, D.V.M. 2. 1Office of the Director. Office of Health and Safety (Retired) 2Office of the Director. Office of Health and Safety. The material in this report originated in the Office. Hot air oven Definition. A hot air oven is a laboratory instrument that uses dry heat to sterilize laboratory equipment and other materials.; That equipment cannot be wet or material that will not melt, catch fire, or change form when exposed to high temperatures are sterilized by using the dry heat sterilization method Download Microbiology PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds


entire design space and low numberof experimental runs (Myers and Montgomery, 2002). The aims of this paper are: a) to estimate the effects of tempera-ture, pH and sugar concentration (50% glucose+50% fructose) on the yeasts S. cerevisiae T73, S. kudriavzevii IFO 1802T, and the hybrid strai Space Debris. Space debris is now one of the major threats to mankind in recent years due to unhealthy rush to launch satellites and spacecrafts into the earth's orbit. Defunct, old satellites and rockets add to the space junk, which can cause a potential threat to humans The space between the envelope and the capsid is the tegument. This contains virally-encoded proteins and enzymes involved in the initiation of replication. Capsid These viruses have a doughnut shaped capsomere of about 100-200 nm in diameter with an icosahedral nucleocapsid. The latter contains 162 capsomeres. Genom A sick person should also wear a face mask to reduce the chance that they will infect others. Mild symptoms can be eased a little at home, and sick people should try to get as much rest and sleep as possible, stay warm and drinks lots of fluids. Humidifiers may also relieve a sore throat or cough Gamma rays have the smallest wavelengths and the most energy of any wave in the electromagnetic spectrum. They are produced by the hottest and most energetic objects in the universe, such as neutron stars and pulsars, supernova explosions, and regions around black holes. On Earth, gamma waves are generated by nuclear explosions, lightning, and.

Microbial and Human Health Monitoring for Space Flight

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology focusses on prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells, relevant enzymes and proteins; applied genetics and molecular biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; applied microbial and cell physiology; environmental biotechnology; process and products and more. The journal welcomes full-length papers and mini-reviews of. SUMMARY Acute apical abscess is the most common form of dental abscess and is caused by infection of the root canal of the tooth. It is usually localized intraorally, but in some cases the apical abscess may spread and result in severe complications or even mortality. The reasons why dental root canal infections can become symptomatic and evolve to severe spreading and sometimes life. Ø Both groups possess capsule. Ø In both groups, cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan Learn more: Peptidoglycan vs Pseudo-peptidoglycan Ø In both groups, cytoplasm is surrounded by lipid bilayer with many membrane spanning proteins. Ø Both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria commonly have a surface layer called an S-layer. Ø Both groups of bacteria undergo genetic recombination. Microbial isolation and screening product categories. Detect, presumptively identify, and screen samples for pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms with chromogenic media specifically designed for clinical applications. Colorful, easy-to-read colonies and short incubation times enable timely decision-making for clinical microbiology laboratories Depending on the circumstance, the term fermentation can have three meanings. In a physiological sense, fermentation refers to a process that produces energy by breaking down of energy-rich compounds under anaerobic conditions. This is the basis of food fermentation, which is commonly used in the food industry in order to produce diverse food products and also as a food preservation method